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Edmonton Exterminators Ltd.
Bed Bugs Removal

This is what Bed Bug Bites Look Like

A bed bug infestation can be a nightmare for homeowners, tenants and landlords. Detection in the early stages can sometimes be difficult, mainly due to this small, flat insect’s ability to hide in cracks and crevices. Although early visual detection is possible, it more often comes when small red and sometimes quite itchy marks appear on people’s skin. It is during these early stages when you should react. Most of the images you find first on the internet are severe cases or severe allergic reactions to bed bug bites. The images below are a more typical representation of what you will notice after receiving bed bug bites.

Photo of bed bug bites on the face
Photo of bed bug bites on the arm

How to Identify Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are flat, oval in shape, and relatively small in size (about 4-5 mm long). Prior to feeding they are very light in colour and can appear translucent. After feeding bed bugs appear red or brownish-red. They often appear on mattress seams, sheets, or furniture, and feed on the blood of living animals and people. They can reproduce rapidly thereby appearing in large numbers within a short span of time. Their bites are often very itchy, sometimes causing a burning sensation on the skin.

Bed bug close up - side angle view 800px

How to Determine if you Have Bed Bugs in Your Home

The most common areas to start checking are of course mattresses, box springs, bed frames and headboards. Because of the bed bugs small size, careful inspections along mattress edges/ribbing, under box springs, behind headboards and all small cracks along frames should be performed. Once born, bed bugs will almost immediately start to feed and are extremely tiny. This is why it is so important to be very thorough with your inspections. As with most pests, early detection and treatment deliver the best results.

Signs of Bed Bug Infestation

  • Blood stains on bedding sheets and pillow cases
  • Bites on you or another household member’s skin
  • Bed bug excrement looks like little rust spots on sheets and walls
  • In severe cases you may notice a musty odor

The Life Cycle of Bed Bugs

As a nymph, a bed bug needs to feed just once to moult to the next life stage. An adult female bed bug produces about 1 egg per day. That egg will take about 10 days to hatch. The life cycle can vary from a few weeks to several months.

This process means that an infestation will tend to start slowly, and is likely to remain undetected for some time. Once a colony becomes larger, the infestation can grow quickly.

Diagram of the life cycle of bed bugs egg to nymph to adult

What to Do if You Have a Bed Bug Infestation

For homeowners the first response should be to consult a pest control professional. Tenants of rental units should contact their landlords as quick as possible, so they can arrange treatments with the Exterminators. The longer you hesitate, the worse the problem will become. All our licensed technicians at Edmonton Exterminators are trained in the most effective procedures to eliminate bed bug issues.